Circa dieci anni fa, era un 26 dicembre, ero sceso presto per pedalare, c’era un vento forte ed un’ aria strana, non quella irrespirabile di queste settimane. Torno a casa e scopro che mentre io pedalavo tranquillo, nelle nostre case erano entrate con una violenza incredibile le immagini dello Tsunami che aveva colpito l’Indonesia e gran parte dei paesi che si affacciano sulle coste dell’Oceano indiano.

Ben oltre 150.000 vittime nel corso degli anni sono poi state accertate. Tanto cordoglio, dispiacere, solidarietà, ed in fondo un po’ di auto assoluzione data dalla consapevolezza che un fenomeno naturale di tale violenza era ed è difficile da prevedere ed arginare.

Undici anni dopo quella data, sempre a Santo Stefano ed “a reti unificate” tv e giornali danno come notizia principale l’emergenza smog su scala planetaria, aria irrespirabile, sforamenti dei limiti delle centraline per micro polveri sottili, biossido di azoto e ozono. Ed è cosi che si scopre che anche lo smog uccide. A farne le spese vittime silenziose, che vengono rendicontate dal rapporto dell’Agenzia europea dell’ambiente (Aea) che racconta come l’Italia abbia registrato 84.400 decessi di questo tipo, su un totale di 491mila a livello Ue (dati 2012).

I numeri sono impietosi, eppure non fa lo stesso effetto. E’ vero, purtroppo i morti non sono tutti uguali. Ma in questo caso quelli che passano per essere inosservati sono quelli del nostro Occidente, che di solito invece contano di più.

Il mainstream dei media e di gran parte degli amministratori delle nostre città ci riserva scene già viste, con analisi miopi e risposte inefficaci e ridicole. Considerato che l’emergenza smog è figlia soprattutto del traffico automobilistico è proprio qui che ci sono le risposte più irritanti: dalle targhe alterne e blocchi della circolazione in fasce orarie inutili, fino ai consigli surreali come quelli di rinchiudersi in casa e limitare le attività all’aperto.

La salute pubblica ed  il diritto di vivere in città che non avvelenano devono essere un obiettivo prioritario. Varrebbe la pena di citare un bel detto napoletano, Basta che ci sta a’ salut , tutto il resto andrebbe adeguato a quest’obiettivo prioritario.  Ed allora fa ancora più rabbia, non leggere come la mobilità dolce, i mezzi pubblici, le metropolitane ed il pedalare siano l’unica strada da percorrere.

La bicicletta da questo punto di vista oltre a non produrre smog, rimette al centro la possibilità di cambiare le proprie abitudine di mobilità urbana, facendoci scoprire quanto si abusi dei mezzi di trasporto privati e inquinanti e quanto siano spropositate le cilindrate delle nostre auto. Esempi lungimiranti sono visibili in tantissime città, a Berlino meno della metà della popolazione possiede un auto, in Olanda il 53% dei trasporti si effettua in bici, in Francia chi va in bici viene pagato dallo Stato.

amsterdam

Le soluzioni sono talmente semplici ed attuabili con politiche di incentivazione della mobilità sostenibile, che il fatto che non vengano messe in pratica deve far riflettere su quanta sia forte la resistenza al cambiamento per la conservazione di interessi di pochi ai danni della collettività.

Da questo punto di vista Napoli è un esempio emblematico, di come gli sforzi di pedonalizzazioni di aree della città siano resistiti solo dove la città ha colto un occasione per cambiare e fare della mobilità dolce un’attrattiva. D’altro canto è evidente che le condizioni per una positiva alleanza tra esigenze turistiche e commerciali che sostengono rivoluzioni nel sistema di mobilità urbano possono essere una condizione a corredo, non l’elemento centrale. Le amministrazioni comunali non possono essere lasciate sole. Servono provvedimenti strutturali e risorse regionali e nazionali che potenzino il trasporto pubblico ed elementi d’innovazione organizzativa per incentivare la mobilità ciclistica e la riduzione dell’uso dell’auto: le zone 30 km/h, piste ciclabili, le pedonalizzazioni, le ztl.

La situazione in cui siamo impone di agire in questo senso, piaccia o no. Non c’è alternativa. Bisogna avere la fermezza di procedere in questo senso, senza indugio. Il pianeta ci sarà riconoscente e sarà molto più semplice che prevedere uno tsunami.

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